During the Israelite period, significant construction activity in Jerusalem began in the 9th century BCE (Iron Age II), and in the 8th century the city developed into the religious and administrative center of the Kingdom of Judah. Due to its proximity to the city, especially the Temple Mount, Abu Dis, a Palestinian suburb of Jerusalem, has been proposed as the future capital of a Palestinian state by Israel. The Gospel of John describes it as being located outside Jerusalem,[368] but recent archaeological evidence suggests Golgotha is a short distance from the Old City walls, within the present-day confines of the city. [93][94] Shuafat lies about 6 kilometres north of Jerusalem's oldest historical part, the so-called City of David, and about 5 kilometres north of the walled Old City. Many national institutions of Israel are located in Kiryat HaMemshala in Givat Ram in Jerusalem as a part of the Kiryat HaLeom project which is intended to create a large district that will house most government agencies and national cultural institutions. [86] Israeli or Jewish nationalists claim a right to the city based on Jewish indigeneity to the land, particularly their origins in and descent from the Israelites, for whom Jerusalem is their capital, and their yearning for return. Jerusalem is a city in Israel.No. [235], During the 1948 war, the Jewish residents of Eastern Jerusalem were expelled by Jordan's Arab Legion. In 198 BCE, Ptolemy V Epiphanes lost Jerusalem and Judea to the Seleucids under Antiochus III. In 1998, the Jerusalem Development Authority proposed expanding city limits to the west to include more areas heavily populated with Jews. Holyland Tower 2, which has been approved for construction, will reach the same height. Decree on Jerusalem", "Israel must co-operate over fake passports, says David Miliband", "Dubai Hamas killing pledge by UK foreign secretary", "Jpost Exclusive: Moscow surprisingly says west Jerusalem is Israel's capital – Israel News", "Russia could acknowledge West Jerusalem as Israeli Capital", Foreign Ministry statement regarding Palestinian-Israeli settlement (6 April 2017), "Australia recognizes west Jerusalem as the capital of Israel", "The State of Israel: The Judicial Authority", "Palestine's Capital: The 1967 border in Jerusalem and Israel's illegal policies on the ground", Medvedev reaffirms Soviet recognition of Palestine (Ynet News, 18 January 2011), China supports Palestinian UN bid (Xinhua, 8 September 2011), "Resolution 58/292. [406] The Board of Governors has included such prominent Jewish intellectuals as Albert Einstein and Sigmund Freud. In 2005, 16,000 left Jerusalem and only 10,000 moved in. The plan was intended to make East Jerusalem more Jewish and prevent it from becoming part of an urban Palestinian bloc stretching from Bethlehem to Ramallah. [119], The First Temple period ended around 586 BCE, as Nebuchadnezzar's Neo-Babylonian Empire conquered Judah and Jerusalem, and laid waste to Solomon's Temple and the city. [417] Al-Quds University resides southeast of the city proper on a 190,000 square metres (47 acres) Abu Dis campus.[415]. In the modern era, exploration expanded to include all levels of the ancient city. It is referred to in the Bible in several places (Galatians 4:26; Hebrews 11:10; 12:22–24; and 13:14), but it is most fully described in Revelation 21. On 5 December 1949, Israel's first Prime Minister, David Ben-Gurion, proclaimed Jerusalem as Israel's "eternal" and "sacred" capital, and eight days later specified that only the war had "compelled" the Israeli leadership "to establish the seat of Government in Tel Aviv", while "for the State of Israel there has always been and always will be one capital only – Jerusalem the Eternal", and that after the war, efforts had been ongoing for creating the conditions for "the Knesset... returning to Jerusalem. Jewish and Christian access to the holy sites inside the old walled city was restored. [259], While the international community regards East Jerusalem, including the entire Old City, as part of the occupied Palestinian territories, neither part, West or East Jerusalem, is recognized as part of the territory of Israel or the State of Palestine. Israel captured East Jerusalem from Jordan during the 1967 Six-Day War and subsequently annexed it into Jerusalem, together with additional surrounding territory. [175] Two of the city's most-distinguished Arab citizens of the 10th-century were Al-Muqaddasi, the geographer, and Al-Tamimi, the physician. In 1917 after the Battle of Jerusalem, the British Army, led by General Edmund Allenby, captured the city. The Moroccan Quarter, which was located adjacent to the Western Wall, was evacuated and razed[243] to make way for a plaza for those visiting the wall. Higher than average percentages are employed in education (17.9% vs. 12.7%); health and welfare (12.6% vs. 10.7%); community and social services (6.4% vs. 4.7%); hotels and restaurants (6.1% vs. 4.7%); and public administration (8.2% vs. On 27 June 1967, the government of Levi Eshkol extended Israeli law and jurisdiction to East Jerusalem, but agreed that administration of the Temple Mount compound would be maintained by the Jordanian waqf, under the Jordanian Ministry of Religious Endowments. Mavromatis claimed that his concessions overlapped with the Auja Concession that the government had awarded to Rutenberg in 1921 and that he had been deprived of his legal rights. Since the beginning of 1950, all branches of government have resided in the city except the Ministry of Defense which is in Tel Aviv. 1137–1141. This correlates with the high number of children in Haredi families. It is one of most dengeouras in the world. where is located the new jerusalem russian edition Nov 01, 2020 Posted By Roger Hargreaves Publishing TEXT ID 450f3bcb Online PDF Ebook Epub Library revelation 2110 in the only other verse that refers to a new jerusalem descending out of heaven god shows john … [211] The university has produced several Nobel laureates; recent winners associated with Hebrew University include Avram Hershko,[407] David Gross,[408] and Daniel Kahneman. About Jerusalem: The City, it’s Geographical Site, and it’s Location. Given the information available, one cannot maintain a radical cultural separation between Canaanites and Israelites for the Iron I period." Nowadays, It is divided city between the Palestinians and Israel. [197] In the countrywide Peasants' Revolt, Qasim al-Ahmad led his forces from Nablus and attacked Jerusalem, aided by the Abu Ghosh clan, and entered the city on 31 May 1834. 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