Thomas and Bartholomew (Nathanael) may have been fishermen, who joined the other five disciples, returning to their profession after Jesus’ crucifixion (John 21:2-3). He faced crucifixion with boldness and courage. St. Patrick's Church at Moody Air Force Base. It is believed that the three men did or shared things with Jesus Christ that no other disciple did. Answer: Thaddeus was one of the original twelve disciples chosen by Jesus Christ. St.  James is also known as James the Lesser or James the Younger. Jesus said to them, "But whom do you say that I am?" The Limits of Satan in this World They were Jews, uneducated commoners, and simple men of faith who gave up everything to be followers of Christ. The Gospel of Matthew lists the 12 apostles in the following order: Simon (whom Jesus later renamed "Peter"), Andrew, James (the son of Zeb'edee), John, Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas, Matthew, James (the son of Alphaeus), Thaddaeus, Simon and Judas Iscariot. Then came Peter (also called Simon or Simon Peter, verses 40 - 42), followed by Philip (verses 43 to 44) and then Nathanael (Bartholomew - verse 45). (1 Cor. Matthias was one of the seventy disciples of Jesus, and had been with Him from His baptism by John to the Ascension (Acts 1:21-22). Who Were the 12 Disciples (Apostles) & What We Know about Them Jesus during his earthly ministry, had many followers (See Luke 10:1, Jesus sent 72 disciples). Do any denominations rank the apostles? (Mark 14:33), James was the first disciple to be martyred (he was beheaded) and the only disciple to have their martyrdom recorded in Scripture. They were from rural areas, farmers, and fisherman. In the New Testament St.  Simon the Zealot is sometimes called Simon the Zealot because of the zeal he showed for the Mosaic law which he practiced before his call. Also known as Simon, Simon Peter, or Cephas (Rock), Peter was a gregarious, natural leader, and an obvious spokesperson for the twelve. “The next day He purposed to go into Galilee, and He found Philip. A Thief. The Fourth Evangelist has shown us most clearly how close the relationship was in which he always stood to his Lord and Master by the title with which he is accustomed to indicate himself without giving his name:  "the disciple whom Jesus loved." And I will give to thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven. Were the 12 apostles all Jewish? Jesus Christ selected the 12 apostles from among his early followers to become his closest companions. The Bible doesn’t tell us how most of the original 12 disciples died—although there is no evidence to suggest any were taken directly into Heaven. Many scholars identify him with Nathaniel. Who Were the 12 Disciples of Jesus? We begin with perhaps the most well-known of Jesus’ apostles, and that would be Peter. His devotion to Christ is further displayed when Jesus told the disciples that He was going to go away and prepare a place for them. He was intimately familiar with everything Jesus taught. Eusebius the historian said the archives at Edessa contained the visit of Judas and the healing of Abgar (the records have now been destroyed). Jesus spent three years training these men to be leaders. You can read of Judas's betrayal and death in Matthew 26-27 and Acts 1. Almost nothing. While we have learned about their Biblical stories or heard their names, most of us do not know the origin of their names, most with a Hebrew meaning. But he chose 12 men specifically and commissioned them to be his disciples. Thomas speaks up. Allyson Holland is a lifestyle blogger. There is some speculation about what happened to Simon. The 12 apostles, also known as the 12 disciples, left their mark on Christianity as the closest followers of Jesus Christ. Here they are in alphabetical order with a summary of each one. Very little is told us in the Sacred Text concerning the history of Judas Iscariot beyond the bare facts of his call to the Apostolate, his treachery, and his death. Ally is a former Director of Ministry to Women and former board member for Thrive Ministry. 10. Nathanael may have preached in India and translated the book of Matthew into their language. (John 1:40-42) It is thought that they became spiritual followers of Jesus at this time. He was the older of the two brothers and the only married disciple. @servantofWiser There are indeed 13. After the Resurrection John with Peter was the first of the disciples to hasten to the grave and he was the first to believe that Christ had truly risen (John, xx, 2-10). 3. While journeying along with His Apostles, Jesus asks them:  "Whom do men say that the Son of man is?" “Let us also go, that we may die with Him.” (John 11:16 NASB) Here we see the character quality of courage and loyalty to Christ, a quality not often attributed to Thomas. So after a bit of researching, we came up […] Are there other sources for the belief in Catholicism that the Apostles composed the articles present in the Apostles' Creed between them? Who was Melchizedek and Why was He so Important? At this point in his life he fulfilled the same basic criteria the original disciples did in regard to being considered an apostle. He did ask Jesus a question in John 14:22, “Lord, why are you going to reveal yourself only to us and not to the world at large?” Judas seemed overly concerned with this question. I chose you. John and Andrew were the initial two people called to be disciples by Christ (John 1:35 - 39). The fiery enthusiasm he once had for Israel was now expressed in his devotion to Christ.” -Twelve Ordinary Men. It relates the initial selection of the Twelve Apostles among the disciples of Jesus . John’s first mention of Thomas is in John 11:16. Here was a man who drew as close to the Savior as it is humanly possible to be. Peter’s name is mentioned far more in the New Testament than any other of the disciples. The Best Way White Christians Can Respond to Racial Tensions, This site is a proud member of the Salem Web Network, a subsidiary of, Copyright © 2021, Crosswalk.com. He was exiled to the island of Patmos under Domitian, but after his death, John was allowed to return to Ephesus where he governed churches in Asia until his death at about  A.D. 100. The 12 disciples/apostles of Jesus were the foundation stones of His church, several even wrote portions of the Bible. The Bible Story of Elijah He gave Christ three years of his life, but he certainly didn’t give Him his heart, and Jesus knew this. It is possible that these disciples had learned the fishing trade as young men. In The Urantia Book, just like in the Bible, Jesus had 12 Apostles.From this page you can learn more about each apostle and their relationship with Jesus than ever before available. Are there other sources for the belief in Catholicism that the Apostles composed the articles present in the Apostles' Creed between them? When Judas betrayed Jesus and killed himself, the apostles appointed Matthias to take his place. A Thief. As Jesus began to obtain followers, He selected twelve to follow Him in a closer way, who received personal teachings and explanations. He was a passionate preacher and shared the gospel boldly and was a significant contributor to the early church. And Jesus said to him, Follow Me.” (John 1:43). Initially He selected 12 to accompany Him, also known as apostles (Mark 3:14-19) and later appointed other seventy (Luke 10:1). Just before James, the son of Zebedeee, was beheaded by Herod (Acts 12:1-2), Jesus selected a man named Saul (later called Paul) to be his apostle to the Gentiles (Acts 9:1-22). He was a valuable team member. When later Christ appeared at the Lake of Genesareth John was also the first of the seven disciples present who recognized his Master standing on the shore (John, xxi, 7). The apostle John records who were the first five people called to follow Jesus. 10. → Guest post by Roger Thoman: 5 pitfalls of missions. The 12 Apostles were the foundation of Jesus’ church and many of them wrote portions of the Bible. 3 replies on “The fate of the original 12 apostles?” Dan B. says: December 31, 2011 at 10:32 am. Who was Melchizedek and Why was He so Important? The original 12 apostles of Jesus Christ have sacrificed and given so much of their lives in advocating Christ’s Gospel. And hearing this, Jesus said to them, It is not those who are healthy that need a physician, but those who are sick; I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners. 20 Facts You May Not Know About Moses from the Bible Therefore, he is the patron saint of desperate cases. He obviously became a follower and stayed with Jesus for three years. On account of this latter legend, he is often represented in art (e.g. Lazarus had died and the disciples feared for the life of Jesus and themselves if they were to go back to Bethany. Meet the Apostle James: First to Die for Jesus. The Bible Story of Joseph For one, Thaddeus is hardly mentioned in the Bible. Because of this Jesus nicknamed them the Sons of Thunder. But all apostles are disciples (that somewhat depends on how you define Paul the Apostle). In other words, to the exact events which Christians believe Jesus appeared on Earth to fulfill. James and John were both known for being men of intense passion and fervor. He is the son of Alphaeus (Luke 6:15). Also known as Jude, Thaddeus, and Lebbaeus, Judas lived in obscurity as one of the Twelve. After the Judas' betrayal of Jesus and death, Matthias, a long-time follower of Jesus but not one of the 12 apostles, was chosen to replace Judas. The genealogies of the original 12 disciples of Jesus were most important to the scholars of the day. This article is part of our People from the Bible Series featuring the most well-known historical names and figures from Scripture. (Mark 2:16). Then he commanded his disciples, that they should tell no one that he was Jesus the Christ (Matt 16:13-20; Mark 8:27-30; Luke 6:18-21). It was at this time that He went off to the mountain to pray, and He spent the whole night in prayer to God. John is much more in the forefront of what is happening during the three years of training with Christ. Known as the “disciple Jesus loved,” he was also a part of the inner three. Tradition says he was crucified in Sinai or possibly stoned to death in Jerusalem. Simon Peter. She and John have been married for 30 years and they have five children. All of the Apostles but Judas were beatified. And he got up and followed Him. Mt 10:5–42, Lk 9:1–6) to towns in Galilee. kēf; Engl. Who replaced Judas Iscariot as the twelfth apostle? How each disciple came to Jesus is recounted in three of the gospels in the New Testament of the Bible. After Judas Iscariot betrayed Jesus and committed suicide, he was replaced by Matthias (Acts 1:15-26). The earliest church that traces to the 12 apostles known as the Ebion -- the Poor -- did exclude Paul from canon -- a well-known fact that is generally ignored. petros, petra; Aram. Once Peter was introduced to Jesus they left John and became followers of Christ. The original Twelve Apostles of Jesus in the New Testament of the Bible were Andrew, Bartholomew, James, James the lesser or younger, John, Matthew, Judas, Peter, Philip, Simon, Thomas and Thaddaeus. So after a bit of researching, we came up […] 9:5) His assignment was to bring the Gospel to the circumcised. The Life of Ruth - 5 Essential Faith Lessons 5. (Matthew 9:9). In addition, seventy (or seventy-two, depending on the source used) people are sent out in pairs to prepare the way for Jesus (Luke 10). St.  Paul tells us he was a witness of the Resurrection of Christ; he is also a "pillar" of the Church, whom St.  Paul consulted about the Gospel. But he was a man of fierce loyalties, amazing passion, courage, and zeal. Of the original 12 apostles, Judas Iscariot had already committed suicide (Matthew 27:1–5) and is not even mentioned by name in Acts; the remaining 11 are named only once (Acts 1:13). (Mark 1:20). John the Baptist: 6 Powerful Truths from His Life The names of Jesus… rock) by Jesus of Nazareth, also known as Simon bar Jonah and Simon bar Jochanan (Aram.) 2:7). The privileges of the Apostles were to be in continual attendance on their master and to be the recipients of his teaching and training. The commissioning of the Twelve Apostles is an episode in the ministry of Jesus that appears in all three Synoptic Gospels: Matthew 10:1–4, Mark 3:13–19 and Luke 6:12–16. And I say to thee: That thou art Peter [Kipha, a rock], and upon this rock [Kipha] I will build my church [ekklesian], and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. Twelve Apostles. Tags apostles, crucifixions, Gospel, Jesus, missionaries, missions ← Was the Great Commission given only to the eleven disciples? Further rewards included a horrid death and universal castigation. Simon: called Peter (Grk. It is significant that he is never mentioned without some reference to his great betrayal. Where are the tombs of Jesus' original 12 Apostles. The disciple Peter had his root name from “Petros” which interprets as “rock.” He used … Only two persons (other than Jesus) were given that honor: Enoch (Genesis 5:24) and Elijah (2 Kings 2:11). He said, “Oh, cross most welcome and longed for! Simon, the brother of Andrew, more generally known as Peter, was a  fisherman from the Sea of Galilee. Nothing is known about Judas’ background. These three men were said to have belonged to the inner circle of Jesus. He was called by Jesus Himself and brought Nathanael to Christ. Nevertheless, with Matthias replacing Judas (verse 26), Luke refers to them as a renewed group of 12 (Acts 6:2; see also 6:6; 4:33; 5:18, 29; 15:2; 16:4). He was able to hire enough servants to help with his fishing business. petros, petra; Aram. Here he is called the apostle “of our confession,” of our faith itself. There are many books out there on the subject of the apostles but it is difficult to tell where the author got his information.. (John 1:46) Jesus recognized how sincerely his love for God was from the beginning when He said, “Behold, an Israelite indeed, in whom there is no deceit!” (John 1:47). Simon: called Peter (Grk. There he healed the King of Edessa, Abgar. Andrew isn’t mentioned much in the Bible—and there’s even less information available about the circumstances of his death. The names of the twelve disciples of Jesus Christ are listed in four places in the Bible (Matthew 10:2-4, Mark 3:16-19, Luke 6:12-19, Acts 1:13).For the most part, the names are the same with minor differences due to various uses of first … Andrew died a martyr’s death. In Scripture, James is listed before his younger brother John, yet he remains somewhat obscure except for the fact he is part of Jesus’ inner three. Learn about them, and how Apostles of today are testifying of Christ. According to the list occurring in each of the Synoptic Gospels (Mark 3:13-19, Matthew 10:1-4, Luke 6:12-16), the Twelve chosen by Jesus near the beginning of his ministry, those whom also He named Apostles, were . Judas is best known for betraying Jesus to Roman soldiers with a kiss. William Steuart McBirnie Ph.D. has written a wonderful book titled "The Search for the Twelve Apostles." The traditional symbol of Judas is a club and tradition says he was clubbed to death for his faith. The eleventh name on the list of disciples is Judas. And it answers many of those questions. Google worked with the Royal Academy of Arts … When he joined Jesus, he remained zealous, but with allegiance to Jesus rather than political revolution. He called them personally to Him.These twelve are known as the apostles. St John's Feast Day is 27 December. The Twelve Apostles (Early Disciples Of Jesus) Have you ever wondered what happened to the Twelve Apostles (the early disciples of Christ Jesus?) Levi, the Son of Alphaeus, Matthew was a tax collector--the most despised people in all of Israel. She has been a guest author for Bible.org. Judas, on the other hand, stands as a warning about the evil potential of spiritual carelessness, squandered opportunity, sinful lusts, and hardness of the heart. Then it happened that as Jesus was reclining at the table in the house, behold, many tax collectors and sinners came and were dining with Jesus and His disciples; for there were many of them, and they were following Him. 4. Learn about them, and how Apostles of today are testifying of Christ. They serve together as leaders in Re-Engage at Watermark Community Church, Dallas, Texas. The term is sometimes also applied to others, especially Paul, who was converted to Christianity after Jesus’ death. Many of Jesus' disciples ended up traveling to spread the word of Jesus and to build churches in other areas. Story of Noah: 10 Theological Truths They were fisherman and worked alongside James and John. This act led directly to Christ's arrest, crucifixion, death and resurrection. The original twelve disciples/apostles are listed in Matthew 10:2–4, “These are the names of the twelve apostles: first, Simon (who is called Peter) and his brother Andrew; James son of Zebedee, and his brother John; Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus; Simon the Zealot and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed Him.” (Mark 3:17), James is the elder brother of John. What we know to be true about Jesus is that He chose ordinary and unrefined men. And then Thomas’ love for Jesus and his desire to see and touch before he believed and then his declaration, “My Lord and My God!” (John 20:28). Some speculate around the same time as Paul was being beheaded. That’s how it has always been in God’s economy. You didn’t choose me. The term is sometimes also applied to others, especially Paul, who was converted to Christianity after Jesus’ death. The Bible Story of Job, Bible Study Resources - Tips, Online Bible Search, Devotions. Tags apostles, crucifixions, Gospel, Jesus, missionaries, missions ← Was the Great Commission given only to the eleven disciples? 3. Matthew brought the gospel to Ethiopia and Egypt. While we have learned about their Biblical stories or heard their names, most of us do not know the origin of their names, most with a Hebrew meaning. Finally, keep in mind that even if, as it seems, none of the twelve Apostles was Jewish, Jesus seems to have had other followers (disciples) who were not Jewish — presumably, people such as the Canaanite woman (Matthew 15:21–28) and the Roman centurion (Matthew 8:5–13). All rights reserved. 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